藝術家保罗•克利 (1879-1940) 生平簡歷

Personal data


Birth : 12/18/1879 - Münchenbuchsee BE, Switzerland
Death : 06/29/1940 - Locarno-Muralto TI, Switzerland
Sex : M
Nationality/Affiliation : Switzerland

Representatives

Acquavella Galleries Inc. – 18 Esat 79th Street – New York NY, United States
Galerie Henze & Ketterer AG – Kirchstrasse 26 – Bern BE, Switzerland
Galerie Thomas – Maximilianstrasse 25 – Munich, Germany
Galleria Maggiore – Via d’Aglezio 15 – Bologna BO, Italy
Leonard Hutton Galleries – 41 East 57th Street – New York NY, United States


Education

1898 – 1900 :
Pupil of / student of Heinrich KNIRR [ 1862-1944 ]
1900 – 1901 : Akademie der Bildenden Künste München – Akademiestrasse 2 – Munich, Germany
Pupil of / student of Franz VON STUCK [ 1863-1928 ]

Professional data


Work and Life

1935:Onset of illness later diagnosed as scleroderma
1934:Forced by the Nazis to leave his position of teacher in Düsseldorf, he settles in Bern, Switzerland
1924:Founds the Blaue Vier with Lyonel Feininger, Jawlensky and Kandinsky
1914:Visit to Tunisia with Macke and Louis Moilliet
1912:Visits Paris and meets Robert Delaunay
1911:Meets Alexej Jawlensky, Vasily Kandinsky, August Macke, Franz Marc and other avant-garde figures
1906:Marriage to the pianist Lili Stumpf and move to Munich
1905:Trip to Paris with Hans Bloesch and Louis Moilliet
1902:Settles in Bern
1901 – 1902:Trip to Italy


Other professions

1921 – 1926 : Professor
Bauhaus – Weimar, Germany

1926 – 1931 : Professor
Bauhaus – Dessau, Germany

1931 – 1933 : Professor
Kunstakademie Düsseldorf – Eiskellerstrasse 1 – Düsseldorf, Germany

Work


Categorie and medium


Painting : Oil
Print-Multiple :
Sculpture-Volume : Plaster
Drawing-Watercolor : Collage - Pastel

Subject

abstraction/figuration
writing
flowers
war
death
music
myth/belief
nature
landscape
violence

Movements and styles

1912 : Der blaue Reiter
Cubism
Expressionism
Surrealism
Bauhaus

Works

Bedrohliche Zeichen
Date of creation : 1938
Medium : Drawing
Materials : distemper
Supports : paper
Size : 50 x 35 cm
 
Überschach
Date of creation : 1937
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 121 x 111 cm
 
A Burning Man
Date of creation : 1932
Medium : Oil/paper
Size : 35 x 35 cm
 
Ad Parnassum
Date of creation : 1932
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 100 x 125 cm
 
The Lady Gardener
Date of creation : 1932
Medium : Ink/paper
 
Polyphonie
Date of creation : 1932
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 67 x 106 cm
 
The Sealed Lady
Date of creation : 1930
Medium : Ink/paper
Size : 49 x 33 cm
 
Barcos en reposo
Date of creation : 1927
Medium : Tempera/board
 
Portrait of Mrs. P. in the South (Bildnis der Frau P. im Süden)
Date of creation : 1924
Medium : Watercolour/paper
Size : 43 x 31 cm
 
The March to the Summit
Date of creation : 1922
Medium : Ink
Size : 20 x 24 cm
 
Temple Gardens
Date of creation : 1920
Medium : Gouache/paper
Size : 18 x 27 cm
 
Der Hirsch (Le Cerf)
Date of creation : 1919
Medium : Drawing
Materials : watercolor
Supports : canvas
Size : 25 x 19 cm
 
Flower Myth
Date of creation : 1918
Medium : Watercolour
Size : 29 x 16 cm
 
Warnung der Schiffe
Date of creation : 1917
Medium : Watercolour/paper
Size : 19 x 14 cm
 
Birds Making Scientific Experiments in Sex
Date of creation : 1915
Medium : Ink
 
Architektur mit der roten Fahne
Date of creation : 1915
Medium : Watercolour/board
 
Menacing Head
Date of creation : 1905
Medium : Etching
Size : 20 x 15 cm
 

Solo Exhibitions (Selected)


Solo exhibitions

2004

MAMCS Musée d’Art Moderne et Contemporain – Strasbourg, France
03/26/2004 – 06/20/2004

2003

L’accomplissement dans l’oeuvre tardive
Fondation Beyeler – Basel BS, Switzerland
08/10/2003 – 11/09/2003

A Passion for Paul Klee: The Djerassi Collection at SFMOMA
SFMOMA San Francisco Museum of Modern Art – San Francisco CA, United States
03/01/2003 – 06/08/2003

2002

Paul Klee
Kunstmuseum Basel – Basel BS, Switzerland
2002 – 07/28/2002

Matsumoto City Museum – Matsumoto, Japan
08/31/2002 – 10/20/2002

Meisterwerke der Sammlung Djerassi
Kunsthalle – Krems an der Donau, Austria
06/16/2002 – 09/29/2002

Klee’s Best
The Metropolitan Museum of Art – New York NY, United States
05/24/2002 – 09/08/2002

Paul Klee
Kunstmuseum – Bern BE, Switzerland
02/15/2002 – 03/31/2003

In Journey
Museum of Modern Art – Kamakura, Japan
02/09/2002 – 03/31/2002

The Nature of Creation
Hayward Gallery – London, United Kingdom
01/17/2002 – 04/01/2002

2001

Paul Klee: Materials and Techiques
SFMOMA San Francisco Museum of Modern Art – San Francisco CA, United States
09/13/2001 – 02/10/2002

Figures
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum – New York NY, United States
09/05/2001 – 01/13/2002

Paul Klee: Wit and Wordplay
SFMOMA San Francisco Museum of Modern Art – San Francisco CA, United States
04/07/2001 – 09/04/2001

1993

Paul Klee at the Guggenheim Museum
Guggenheim Museum SoHo – New York NY, United States
1993

1987

Paul Klee: His Life and Work
MoMA Museum of Modern Art – New York NY, United States
1987

1925

Galerie Vavin-Raspail – Paris, France
1925

1920

Retrospective
Galerie Hans Goltz – Munich, Germany
1920

Group Exhibitions (Selected)


Art shows / fairs

2007

FIAC Foire Internationale d’Art Contemporain
Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais – Paris, France
10/18/2007 – 10/22/2007
Represented by : Jan Krugier Gallery – 980 MADISON AVE # 3 – New York NY, United States

2004

FIAC Foire Internationale d’Art Contemporain, n°31
Paris Expo – Porte de Versailles – Paris, France
10/21/2004 – 10/25/2004
Represented by : Galerie Jeanne Bucher – 53 rue de Seine – Paris, France

Art 35 Basel
Messe Basel – Basel BS, Switzerland
06/16/2004 – 06/21/2004
Represented by : Acquavella Galleries Inc. – 18 Esat 79th Street – New York NY, United States

2003

Art Basel Miami Beach
Miami Beach Convention Center – Miami Beach FL, United States
12/04/2003 – 12/07/2003
Represented by : Galerie Jan Krugier, Ditesheim & Cie – 29-31 Grand-Rue – Geneva GE, Switzerland

Art Cologne, n° 37
Cologne, Germany
10/29/2003 – 11/02/2003
Represented by : Galerie Rieder – Maximilianstrasse 22 – Munich, Germany

FIAC, n°30
Paris Expo – Porte de Versailles – Paris, France
10/09/2003 – 10/13/2003
Represented by : Galleria d’Arte Contini – San Marco 2765 – Venice VE, Italy

Art 34 Basel
Messe Basel – Basel BS, Switzerland
06/18/2003 – 06/23/2003
Represented by : Acquavella Galleries Inc. – 18 Esat 79th Street – New York NY, United States

2002

Art Basel Miami Beach
Miami Beach Convention Center – Miami Beach FL, United States
12/05/2002 – 12/08/2002
Represented by : Leonard Hutton Galleries – 41 East 57th Street – New York NY, United States

FIAC, n°29
Paris Expo – Porte de Versailles – Paris, France
10/24/2002 – 10/28/2002
Represented by : Galerie Jeanne Bucher – 53 rue de Seine – Paris, France

Art 33 Basel
Messe Basel – Basel BS, Switzerland
06/12/2002 – 06/17/2002
Represented by : Acquavella Galleries Inc. – 18 Esat 79th Street – New York NY, United States

2001

Art Basel Miami Beach: cancelled
Miami Beach Convention Center – Miami Beach FL, United States
12/13/2001 – 12/16/2001
Represented by : Galerie Jan Krugier, Ditesheim & Cie – 29-31 Grand-Rue – Geneva GE, Switzerland

FIAC, n°28
Paris Expo – Porte de Versailles – Paris, France
10/10/2001 – 10/15/2001
Represented by : Galleria d’Arte Contini – San Marco 2765 – Venice VE, Italy

Art 32 Basel
Messe Basel – Basel BS, Switzerland
06/13/2001 – 06/18/2001
Represented by : Acquavella Galleries Inc. – 18 Esat 79th Street – New York NY, United States

Arte Fiera – Mostra Mercato d’Arte contemporanea
Quartiere Fieristico – Bologna BO, Italy
01/25/2001 – 01/29/2001
Represented by : Galleria Maggiore – Via d’Aglezio 15 – Bologna BO, Italy

Artpalmbeach – 4th Modern & Contemporary Art Fair
International Pavilion of the Palm Beaches – West Palm Beach FL, United States
01/10/2001 – 01/15/2001
Represented by : Leonard Hutton Galleries – 41 East 57th Street – New York NY, United States

2000

ARTissima – Arte Contemporaneo a Torino, n° 7
Palazzo del Lavoro – Turin TO, Italy
10/05/2000 – 10/08/2000
Represented by : Tornabuoni Arte – Tornabuoni Arte Via Fatebenefratelli 36 – Milan MI, Italy

1999

Art Cologne, n° 33
Cologne, Germany
11/07/1999 – 11/14/1999
Represented by : Galerie Henze & Ketterer AG – Kirchstrasse 26 – Bern BE, Switzerland

1990

ARCO – Feria Internacional de Arte Contemporáneo
Madrid, Spain
02/08/1990 – 02/13/1990
Represented by : Galerie Thomas – Maximilianstrasse 25 – Munich, Germany


Group exhibitions

2002

Cityscapes by Klee and Feininger
The Metropolitan Museum of Art – New York NY, United States
09/25/2002 – 01/26/2003

Josef Albers – Bauhaus 1919-1933 et Paris
MNAM Musée National d’Art Moderne – Centre National d’Art et de Culture Georges Pompidou – Paris, France
05/15/2002 – 08/26/2002

2001

Works on paper from Acconci to Zittel
Victoria Miro Gallery – London, United Kingdom
2001

1996

Universalis – Bienal Internacional de São Paulo, n° 23
Parque do Ibirapuera – São Paulo, Brazil
10/06/1996 – 12/08/1996

1953

II Bienal Internacional de São Paulo
MAM Museu de Arte Moderna de São Paulo – São Paulo, Brazil
12/15/1953 – 02/28/1954

1937

Entartete Kunst
Munich, Germany
1937

1930

Weber, Klee, Lembruck, Maillol
MoMA Museum of Modern Art – New York NY, United States
03/12/1930 – 04/02/1930

1925

Les Surréalistes
Galerie Pierre Loeb – Paris, France
1925

1914

Münchner Secession
Munich, Germany
1914

1913

Erste deutsche Herbstsalon
Galerie Sturm – Berlin, Germany
1913

1912

Second Blaue Reiter Exhibition
Galerie Hans Goltz – Munich, Germany
1912

1906

Münchner Secession
Munich, Germany
1906

Bibliography (Selected)


By the artist


Books

1925

Pedagogical Sketchbook
1925

1920

Schöpferische Konfession
1920


On the artist


Books

2002

Paul Klee: Painting Music
Publisher: Prestel Verlag – Mandlstraße 26 – Munich, Germany
Author: Düchting Hajo
2002

1989

The Making of Paul Klee’s Career 1914-1920
Publisher: The University of Chicago – 5811 South Ellis Avenue – Chicago IL, United States
Author: Werckmeister O.K.
1989

1983

Paul Klee: Art and Music
Publisher: Cornell University – 410 Thurston Avenue – Ithaca NY, United States
Author: Kagan Andrew
1983


Periodicals

2003

GOLDBERG Itzhak – Instants fragiles
in: Beaux Arts Magazine n° 233 p. 28
Paris, France
10/2003

KAMPIANNE Harry – Changements de cap
in: Art Actuel n° 28 p. 70
Paris, France
09/2003-10/2003

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