藝術家Robert Lewis REID (1862-1929) 生平簡歷

出生地: Stockbridge, MA

死亡地点: Clifton Springs, NY.

地址: NYC, 1889-c.1920; Colorado Springs, CO, c.1920-27; Clifton Springs, NY, 1927-29

职业: Painter, mural painter, craftsperson, teacher

教育: BMFA Sch., 1880-84; ASL, 1885; Académie Julian, with Boulanger and Lefebvre, 1886-89.

展出: Paris Salon, 1887-89; Boston AC, 1889, 1890; SAA, 1889-97; PAFA Ann., 1889-1913, 1920-22, 1966; Pastelists, 1890; murals, Liberal Arts Bldg., and easel ptgs., Columbian Expo, Chicago, 1893 (medal); Ten Amer. Painters, 1898-1918; NAD, 1889 (autumn exh.), 1890, 1891 (autumn exh.), 1892, 1897 (prize), 1898 (prize); U.S. Pavilion, Paris Expo, 1900 (gold); Pan-Am. Expo, 1901 (medal); St. Louis Expo, 1904 (medal); Corcoran Gal biennials, 1907-28 (10 times, incl. bronze medal, 1908); Newport AA, 1912 (innaugural); murals, Palace of Fine Arts, Pan-Pacific Expo, San Fran., 1915; AIC.

会员: ANA, 1902; NA, 1906; SAA; Ten Am. Painters (founder); NIAL.

工作: NMAA; MMA; Brooklyn Mus.; CGA; Albright Knox Art Gal.; Herron AI, Indianapolis; Nat. Gal. Art; Nebr. AA, Lincoln, NE; Richmond (IN) AA; Cincinnati Art Mus.; Omaha Mus.; Detroit Inst. Arts; Minneapolis Inst. Art; Harrison Gal., LACMA; Ft. Worth Mus.; Akron Art Gal. Murals and Decorative Commissions: Mass. State House, Boston, 1901; LOC, 1897; Appellate Court, NYC, 1899; altar piece, Church of St. Paul the Apostle, NYC; stained glass windows, H.H. Rogers Mem. Church, Fair Haven, Mass., 1901-05; Central H.S., Springfield, MA.

评论: Muralist and Impressionist painter. Founding member of the Ten American Painters. Reid spent summers painting in Normandy while studying in France in the late 1880s. Returning to NYC in 1889, Reid exhibited easel paintings and in 1892 received the commisssion to decorate one of the eight entrance pavilion domes in the Liberal Arts Building for the Worlds Columbian Expo. After the Chicago fair, Reid received several important mural commissions in NYC, including one for a reception-room ceiling in the Fifth Avenue Hotel (demolished c.1908), and decorations for the Imperial Hotel (also demolished). Reid continued to receive major decorative commissions throughout his career, but also contributed his easel works annually to the SAA and the NAD, and, beginning in 1898, to the exhibitions of the Ten. His Impressionist paintings from the late 1890s and into the twentieth century typically depicted idealized young women set in landscapes and holding or carrying flowers. About 1910 he began a group of paintings showing women dressed in Japanese kimonos set in brilliantly colored interiors decorated with mirrors and Oriental screens. Reid moved to Colorado Springs about 1920, joining the faculty of Broadmoor Academy. In his Colorado years, he concentrated more on portraiture, creating what he called "portrait impressions," by quickly painting in only the essential forms and features in broad, vigorous brush strokes. Reid was partially paralized by a stroke in 1927 and spent the last two years of his life in a New York State sanitorium where he learned to paint with his left hand. Teaching: BMFA Sch. (assistant) 1881-84; ASL and CUASch, 1890s; Broadmoor Art Acad. 1920-27.

来源: WW27; H. Barbara Weinberg, "Robert Reid," in Ten American Painters (exh. cat., Spanierman Gal., NYC, 1990), pp. 113-15; Gerdts, American Impressioniom, 181-85; Baigell, Dictionary; Fink, American Art at the Nineteenth-Century Paris Salons, 383; Naylor, NAD; Falk, Exh. Record Series.

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