藝術家Hugo ROBUS (1885-1964) 生平簡歷

出生地: Cleveland, OH

死亡地点: NYC

地址: NYC, 1915-64

职业: Sculptor, teacher, painter

教育: Cleveland Sch. Art, 1904-08; NAD, 1910-11; Bourdelle, at Grande Chaumière, 1912-14.

展出: Gage Gal., Cleveland, 1913 (solo, paintings); S. Indp. A., 1917, 1940; WMAA biennials, 1933-62; PAFA Ann., 1934, 1945-62 (Widener gold med. 1950; Steel Mem. prize 1954); WFNY, 1939; MoMA, 1939; CI, 1941; MMA (AV), 1942 (prize); Grand Central Art Gal., solos, 1946, 1949; Munson-Williams-Proctor Inst., Utica, 1948 (first museum solo); Sculptors Gld., annually; Bucholz Gal.; CGA, 1958 (solo); WMAA, 1960 (retrospective); Forum Gal., NYC, solos, 1963, 1966; Natl. Coll. of Fine Arts (now NMAA), 1980 (solo). Additional awards: Shilling Fund prize, 1946; citation and grant, NIAL, 1957.

会员: Sculptors Gld.; An Am. Group; Shilling Fund Jury.

工作: MMA; MoMA; WMAA; NMAA; IBM; Munson-Williams-Proctor Inst.; CMA; Rockefeller Center, NYC; CGA

评论: First a craftsman of jewelry, tableware, and ivories at the Cleveland Sch. Art (until 1910), he then focused on painting until 1920 when he took up sculpture. Robus worked in isolation over the next 12 years, supporting his family through the sale of his crafts. During these years he experimented with simplified forms and smoothly modeled surfaces and by the early 1930s his sculpture had achieved the sweeping contours and highly polished sleekness of his mature style. His sculpture was not seen publicly until 1933 when "Dawn" was shown at the Whitney annual; and athough he exhibited regularly after that year he was not able to live off the sales of his work until the 1950s. Robus participated in federal art projects beginning in 1937. Teaching: Modern Art Sch., NYC; summer sessions at Columbia Univ.,1940s and 1950s; Brooklyn Mus. Art Sch.; Hunter Col., NYC.

来源: WW59; WW47; Fort, The Figure in American Sculpture, 220 (w/repro.); Roberta Tarbell, Hugo Robus (exh. cat., NMAA, 1980); Baigell, Dictionary; Craven, Sculpture in America, 594-96; Two Hundred Years of American Sculpture, 303-304; Falk, Exh. Record Series.

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